Facts about the United Nation

Following South Sudan’s admission as the 193rd Member of the UN on July 14, 2011, the membership of the General Assembly is comprised of all 193 Member States of the UN. Press release ORG/1469, dated July 3, 2006, contains the dates of admission for all additional Members. There are 15 members of the Security Council. Ten additional members are elected by the General Assembly to two-year terms, while five Member States are designated as permanent members under the UN Charter. Every non-permanent member of the Council has a term of office that expires on December 31, of the year that is shown in parenthesis next to its name.

The General Assembly chooses the 54 members of the Economic and Social Council to serve three-year terms. Each member’s term of office ends on December 31, of the year that appears in parenthesis next to its name. The five permanent members of the Security Council—China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States—make up the Trusteeship Council. On November 1, 1994, the Council formally ceased operations due to the independence of Palau, which was the final United Nations Trust Territory. The Council decided to meet when necessary, at the discretion of its President, at the request of a majority of its members, or whenever the need arose by amending its rules of procedure to waive the requirement to meet yearly. The General Assembly and Security Council choose the fifteen judges that make up the International Court of Justice. Their tenure are for nine years each.

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