Countries Decide to Give Up Fossil Fuels at COP28

On Wednesday, almost 200 nations came to an agreement to stop using fossil fuels, which warm the earth. The agreement was reached at the 2023 United Nations Climate Change Conference, often known as COP28, following two weeks of rigorous discussions. For the conference, world leaders convened in Dubai. The goal of the agreement was to make it clear that everyone in the world wants to move away from fossil fuels. According to scientists, the accord represents our greatest chance to avert a global warming disaster. However, countries have not always adhered to previous climate agreements.


King Sultan al-Jaber of COP28 referred to the agreement as “historic.” He went on to say that action would be the ultimate measure of success. “We are what we do, not what we say,” he stated. “We must take the steps necessary to turn this agreement into… actions.” “It is the first time that the world unites around such a clear text on the need to transition away from fossil fuels,” stated Norway’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Espen Barth Eide.

In the COP28 accord, strong language to “phase out” the use of coal, gas, and oil had been sought for by more than 100 countries. But the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) fiercely opposed them. The company is in charge of around one-third of global oil production and roughly 80% of the world’s proven oil reserves. The Saudi-led coalition said that emissions can be reduced globally without banning any particular fuel.Some analysts were concerned that a deal would not work out because of the dispute.

Anne Rasmussen, the Alliance of Small Island States’ chief negotiator, criticized the agreement for being insufficiently robust. She did not, however, formally oppose the deal. Her speech in Dubai was met with nearly two minutes of standing ovation. One reason the deal was noteworthy was mentioned by Dan Jorgensen, the Danish Minister for Climate and Energy. “We’re standing here in an oil country, surrounded by oil countries, and we made the decision saying let’s move away from oil and gas,” he stated.

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