What Attracts Major Powers to the Moon?

Recently, Russia launched its first spacecraft to land on the moon in 47 years. The launch occurs in the midst of a race between powerful nations like China, India, and the United States to find out more about the resources that the moon may hold. Russia declared that it would carry out further lunar landings before looking at the prospect of a crewed trip with China and possibly even a moon base. NASA has discussed the potential for lunar mining as well as the idea of a “gold rush,” in which a large number of people rush to an area where something precious has been found. Why is what’s up there of such interest to great powers?



About 384,400 kilometers separate our earth and the moon. According to current theory, the moon formed some 4.5 billion years ago when a massive object collided with Earth. The moon was formed by some of the crash debris coming together. On the moon, there are different temperatures. They soar to 127 degrees Celsius under a full moon, and fall to almost – 173 degrees Celsius at night. The exosphere of the moon offers no shielding against solar radiation.


The Indian mission Chandrayaan-1 produced the initial finding of water on the moon in 2008 when it found hydroxyl molecules dispersed throughout the lunar surface. According to NASA, the compounds were most frequently discovered around the poles. In addition to being essential for human survival, water can also provide oxygen and hydrogen. Rocket fuel can be made from these ingredients. There’s probably helium-3 on the moon too. Although there are just a few thousand tons of helium-3 on Earth, NASA predicts that there are millions of tons on the moon. In a fusion reactor, helium-3 might produce nuclear energy. However, the European Space Agency states that since helium-3 is not radioactive, it would not produce hazardous waste.

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