When the Hajj pilgrimage begins in Saudi Arabia, two million people are anticipated.

The Islamic holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is home to more than two million Muslims participating in this year’s hajj pilgrimage, or religious journey. This is the first time that the pilgrimage has had participation comparable to before the COVID-19 pandemic started. After encircling the Kaaba, the holiest place in Islam, the pilgrims left Mecca on Monday. They are congregating for a day and night of prayer in the neighboring desert. One of Islam’s five pillars, or core beliefs, is the pilgrimage. All Muslims who are financially and physically capable of doing so should make the trip at least once in their lives, according to the Quran, the holy book of Islam. It spans a period of five days.

Muslims believe their prophet Muhammad traveled the same route over 1,400 years ago, which is followed throughout the hajj. For the 1.8 billion Muslims worldwide, the holy walk serves as a unifying occasion. To pay for the trip, some people save money for years. Following their arrival in Mecca in recent days, pilgrims have been circling the Kaaba. The pilgrims traveled to Mina by bus or on foot as the final group completed their performance on Monday. There, they’ll set up camp in one of the largest tent cities in the world.

Mina is a wide open area with minimal shade to keep people safe from the sun and extreme heat. Pilgrims were cooled with water by soldiers. Yehya Al-Ghanam, an Egyptian businessman, claimed he was speechless when he arrived at Mina. “I’m going to cry from happiness and joy,” he declared. Before going on Tuesday to Mount Arafat, pilgrims pray all day and all night. It is said that Muhammad delivered his farewell address there. Following Arafat, the pilgrims gather pebbles from a location called Muzdalifa. After that, they head back to Mina to hurl the rocks at three evil-signifying stone walls. The Hajj comes to an end with this.

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