Climate Report: The Last Chance Is Near for the World

Scientists from the United Nations issued a dire warning on Monday, stating that humanity may not have much longer to stop climate change from getting worse. By 2035, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicted that global carbon emissions and fossil fuel consumption would have to be reduced by over two thirds. The scientists demanded that fresh research on fossil fuels be stopped. Furthermore, they asked nations to give up the use of gas, oil, and coal by 2040. “Humanity is on thin ice — and that ice is melting fast,” U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres remarked. “Everything, everywhere, at once — climate action is needed on all fronts for our planet.”

 

Guterres not only called for “no new coal” but also called for halting its usage in rich countries by 2030 and in poor countries by 2040. He demanded that by 2035, the industrialized nations generate electricity without emitting any carbon. According to the Paris Climate Agreement, countries must set emission reduction targets for that year. The target of keeping global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels was established by the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. However, there has already been a 1.1 degree Celsius global warming. This is probably the last warning that the scientists will be able to provide regarding the 1.5-degree level, they told the Associated Press.

 

According to Australian climate scientist Malte Meinshausen of the University of Melbourne, “we are pretty much locked into 1.5.” However, he went on, the question is whether the temperature rises further. Francis X. Johnson, a co-writer of the paper, stated that “the risks are starting to pile on” beyond 1.5 degrees. He works at the Stockholm Environment Institute as a climate, land, and policy scientist. According to the most recent report from the IPCC, the hazards include irreversible ice sheet melting, several meters of sea level rise, and the extinction of species and coral reefs.

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