It’s a Big Job for Space Scientists to Explain Extreme Star Explosions

According to space experts, they may have found the “perfect explosion,” but further research is needed to provide a complete explanation for the finding. Since it was discovered in 2017, the explosion—known as a kilonova—has been the subject of extensive research. Astronomers claim a kilonova arises when two neutron stars crash into each other. The scientists were astonished by the quickly expanding explosion they reported. A black hole, an object with so much gravity that even light cannot escape it, was created as a result of the catastrophe.

The combined mass of the two neutron stars was 2.7 times that of the sun. After spending billions of years in orbit around one another, they violently collided and burst apart. This incident happened in the NGC 4993 galaxy. The galaxy is located toward the constellation Hydra, at least 140 million light years from Earth. The distance light travels in a year is called a light year. Astronomers used the European Southern Observatory’s Chile-based Very Large Telescope to analyze the kilonova.

In 1974, it was suggested that kilonova explosions might occur. 2013 saw the theory’s confirmation. But astronomers did not know what they looked like until one was identified in 2017 and investigated thoroughly. “In many respects, it’s the ideal explosion. “It’s beautiful…in the way the shape is simple and in its physical significance,” Albert Sneppen of Copenhagen, Denmark’s Cosmic Dawn Center remarked. The study that was published in Nature was primarily written by Sneppen. The explosion should have appeared flat and circular, with a material jet emerging from it, as the experts had anticipated.

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