Russia’s use of North Korean missiles against Ukraine is the result of sanctions loopholes

Analysts claimed that North Korea exploits gaps to elude sanctions, as evidenced by the finding of a North Korean missile in Ukraine that contained more than 200 parts from American and European businesses. At a press conference on Monday, South Korean Defense Minister Shin Wonsik stated that North Korea is running its armaments plants to the maximum extent possible in order to provide Russia with the weaponry it needs to combat Ukraine. According to South Korean media, Pyongyang is believed to have shipped 6,700 containers to Russia since September, according to Shin. According to estimates from the United States, North Korea has sent more than 10,000 containers carrying weapons or supplies related to weapons to Russia since September.

 

The Security Service of Ukraine claims that since December, weapons from North Korea have been found on Ukrainian battlefields. It stated on Thursday that since then, Russia has launched at least 20 North Korean missiles into Ukraine, resulting in the deaths or injuries of civilians. In a news briefing on January 26, Maria Zakharova, a spokesperson for the Foreign Ministry, denied that Russia had collaborated militarily or technologically with North Korea. As per a report by Conflict Armament Research (CAR), an investigative firm based in the United Kingdom, investigators found that a missile found on Jan. 2 in Kharkiv, the second-largest city in Ukraine, was manufactured using parts from American and European companies. CNN first published this information on Feb. 20.

 

Of the 290 parts from the North Korean missile that were analyzed, the CAR investigation discovered that almost 75% came from American companies. A little over sixteen percent of the parts have ties to businesses in Europe. According to the research, the missile could not have been manufactured before March 2023 because more than 75 percent of the components were produced between 2021 and 2023. CAR “will not identify the companies linked to their production,” the paper stated. Following the 2006 Security Council adoption of Resolution 1718, exports by U.N. members states of materials and technologies that North Korea might use to produce ballistic missiles are prohibited.

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